Built environment and health outcomes
Physical activity and health
- Active transportation, health and community design—Built environment design and improvements to supports active transportation.
- Increasing physical activity through community design: A guide for public health practitioners and livable community advocates—Creating places for people to walk and bicycle.
- Linking objectively measured physical activity with objectively measured urban form—Community design and physical activity.
- Made for walking: Density and urban form—The essential ingredients of a well-designed, walkable neighborhood.
- Predicting urban design effect on physical activity and public health: A case study.
- Relationship between urban sprawl and physical activity, obesity and morbidity-update and refinement.
- Shaping the context of health: A review of environmental and policy approaches in the prevention of chronic diseases—Interventions to address tobacco use, physical activity and healthy eating.
Healthy Food and Health
- Access to healthy food and why it matters: A review of the research.
- Association between proximity to and coverage of traditional fast-food restaurants and non-traditional fast-food outlets and fast-food consumption among rural adults—Fast food as part of promoting healthful food choices with rural adults.
- Calculating selling area for healthy retail.
- Designed for disease: The link between local food environments and obesity and diabetes—Food choices and obesity and diabetes risks.
- Healthy food, healthy communities—Promising strategies to improve access to fresh, healthy food.
- Neighborhood fruit and vegetable availability and consumption: the role of small food stores in the urban environment—Access to fresh fruit and vegetables and effects on consumption.
- Planning for food access and community-based food systems—National scan and evaluation of local comprehensive and sustainability plans.
Safety and health
- Community design and crime: The impact of housing and the built environment.
- Death on the crosswalk: A study of pedestrian-automobile collisions in Los Angeles—Influence of socio-demographic, land use, density, urban form, and traffic characteristics on pedestrian collision rates.
- Effectiveness of a safe routes to school program in preventing school-aged pedestrian injury—Motor vehicle crash data and safe routes to school interventions.
- Green cities, good health: Safe streets—Roadside vegetation benefits, city trees and transportation safety.
- Mixed use neighborhoods may be safer, too—Crime rates are lower in communities with both commercial and residential uses.
- Reducing crime by shaping the built environment with zoning: An empirical study of Los Angeles—Planners should recognize the crime-reduction effects of residential zoning.
Placemaking and health
- Creative placemaking.
- Exploring the ways arts and culture intersect with public safety.
- Loneliness, urban design and form-based codes.
- Policy guide on smart growth—Development of mixed use, mixed income livable communities where people choose to live, work, and play.
- The social life of small urban spaces.
- Urban form as a framework for healthy communities.
- Why place matters: Building the Movement for Healthy Communities—Where you live determines how well you live.
Access to opportunity and health
- California’s tomorrow: Equity is the superior growth model—Immediate and decisive action to increase fairness and opportunity.
- Childhood obesity and proximity to urban parks and recreation resources: A longitudinal cohort study—Proximity to parks and recreational resources affects the development of childhood obesity.
- Creating equitable, healthy and sustainable communities: Strategies for advancing smart growth, environmental justice and equitable development.
- Healthy, equitable transportation policy: Recommendations and research—Intersection of transportation, equity and health.
- Health equity and community design—Health and community design with a focus on health equity.
- How cities use parks to improve public health.
- Principles of equitable development—Equitable community growth around high capacity transit in central Puget Sound region.
- Recommended community strategies and measurements to prevent obesity in the United States—Prevention strategies to plan, implement and monitor initiatives to prevent obesity.
- Urban built environment and depression: A multilevel analysis—Poor quality-built environment and depression.
- Why place and race matter: Bibliography.
Natural environment and health
- Climate change and health.
- Climate effects on health.
- Green cities: Good health—Human health and well-being benefits of urban forestry and urban greening.
- Health impacts of climate change.
- How cities use parks for climate change management—Urban parks cool and clean the air.
- How cities use parks to improve public health—Parks and recreation and America's obesity crisis.
- How climate change impacts health.
- Land use regression modeling of interurban residential variability in multiple traffic-related air pollutants—Multi-pollutant exposure modeling and meteorological modification of traffic-concentration relationship in urban neighborhoods.
- Regulation of the immune system by biodiversity from the natural environment: An ecosystem service essential to health.
- The effect of proximity to parks on childhood obesity.
- The impacts of climate change on human health in the United States: A scientific assessment.
- The portrayal of natural environment in the evolution of the ecological public health paradigm.