For more general information, see our STD page.
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection weakens the immune system. If it destroys too many white blood cells, the person can develop AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).
HIV treatments suppress the virus, slowing or stopping disease progression. No cure exists yet for the virus.
People with HIV typically progress through 3 stages:
- Acute HIV infection—Flu-like symptoms lasting a few weeks, usually within 1 month of infection.
- Latency—Asymptomatic phase that lasts a few years to a few decades.
- AIDS—Severe, potentially fatal phase. White blood cell count falls below 200/mm or certain opportunistic illnesses appear.
Report within 3 business days.
Complete the confidential HIV/AIDS Case Report Form, then:
- Fax it to (253) 798-7666.
- Or mail it to Washington State Department of Health, Assessment Unit, PO Box 47838, Olympia, WA 98504-7838.
You can prevent transmission.
- COVID-19 FAQs—CDCs frequently asked questions about HIV and COVID-19.
- Clinician Consultation Center—HIV/AIDS, PrEP, Perinatal HIV and PEP information from University of California, San Francisco.
- HIV testing page—Washington State Department of Health.
- Transforming Health—CDC resources for healthcare providers treating transgender people living with HIV.
- Prevention Challenges—CDC statistics and information about transgender people and HIV.