What you should know.
People who received two doses of the mumps (MMR) vaccine are about nine times less likely to get mumps than unvaccinated people.
What if I've had mumps before?
If you've had mumps before, you are generally considered immune and do not need the vaccine. People born before 1957 are also often considered immune.For more information, visit the CDC’s Mumps webpage.
What should I do if I think my child or I have mumps?
Call your doctor if you or your child has the signs of mumps. They include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, loss of appetite and swollen cheeks or jaw.Stay home and away from other people until you can see a doctor. Don't go to work or school. Stay away from family as much as possible so they don’t get sick. People with mumps can spread the disease for five or more days after getting swollen cheeks or jaw.
How can you prevent mumps?
- Get two doses of mumps vaccine (included in the MMR vaccine).
- Stay away from anyone who has mumps.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water.
- Don’t share cups, spoons, forks, baby bottles and other utensils.
Who is more likely to get mumps?
- Babies younger than 1 year old.
- Children over 1 year of age who have not received at least 1 dose of mumps vaccine (MMR vaccine).
- Adults born in or after 1957 who have not been vaccinated or have not had mumps before.
How is mumps spread?Mumps spreads by coughing, sneezing, or spraying saliva while talking. It also spreads by sharing cups, spoons, forks, baby bottles and other utensils. Mumps can spread if someone who has mumps goes to a place where many people are gathered.
What is mumps?
Mumps is a disease caused by a virus. It typically starts with:
- Muscle aches.
- Loss of appetite.
Many people develop swollen and tender cheeks or jaw. Most people with mumps get well in a few weeks. Some people with mumps may have a mild illness or may not even know they have the disease.
However, mumps can occasionally cause serious health problems, especially in adults. These health problems can include:
- Swelling of the testicles.
- Swelling of the brain or spinal cord.
- Inflammation of the ovaries.