What you should know.
People who received two doses of the mumps (MMR) vaccine are about nine times less likely to get mumps than unvaccinated people.
What if I've had mumps before?
If you've had mumps before, you are generally considered immune and do not need the vaccine. People born before 1957 are also often considered immune.For more information, visit the CDC’s Mumps webpage.
What should I do if I think my child or I have mumps?
Call your doctor if you or your child has the signs of mumps. They include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, loss of appetite and swollen cheeks or jaw.Stay home and away from other people until you can see a doctor. Don't go to work or school. Stay away from family as much as possible so they don’t get sick. People with mumps can spread the disease for five or more days after getting swollen cheeks or jaw.
How can you prevent mumps?
- Get two doses of mumps vaccine (included in the MMR vaccine).
- Stay away from anyone who has mumps.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water.
- Don’t share cups, spoons, forks, baby bottles and other utensils.
Who is more likely to get mumps?
- Babies younger than 1 year old.
- Children over 1 year of age who have not received at least 1 dose of mumps vaccine (MMR vaccine).
- Adults born in or after 1957 who have not been vaccinated or have not had mumps before.
How is mumps spread?Mumps spreads by coughing, sneezing, or spraying saliva while talking. It also spreads by sharing cups, spoons, forks, baby bottles and other utensils. Mumps can spread if someone who has mumps goes to a place where many people are gathered.
What is mumps?
Mumps is a disease caused by a virus. It typically starts with:
- Muscle aches.
- Loss of appetite.
Many people develop swollen and tender cheeks or jaw. Most people with mumps get well in a few weeks. Some people with mumps may have a mild illness or may not even know they have the disease.
However, mumps can occasionally cause serious health problems, especially in adults. These health problems can include:
- Swelling of the testicles.
- Swelling of the brain or spinal cord.
- Inflammation of the ovaries.
What are the symptoms of TB?
People with active TB usually have one or more of these symptoms:
- Unexplained cough for three or more weeks.
- Coughing up blood.
- Unexplained night sweats.
- Unexplained fatigue.
- Unexplained weight loss.
What is latent (sleeping) TB infection?People with latent TB infection (LTBI) are infected with TB bacteria but their immune system has kept it under control. People with latent TB are not sick and cannot infect other people. Yet, people with latent TB can develop active TB at any time and should talk to their healthcare provider about treatment.
What is TB?Bacteria causes Tuberculosis, and antibiotics typically cure it. The two stages of TB are infection and disease.
What is active TB?People with active TB have been infected with TB bacteria and their immune system is no longer able to control it. People may become very sick and die without treatment. TB bacteria can infect any part of the body and cause disease, but most people who get TB will have it in their lungs. A person with active TB in the lungs or throat can spread the bacteria to others when they cough, laugh, sneeze, sing or shout.
Who is at risk for TB infection?
Anyone exposed to a person with TB can become infected but TB is not easily spread. Spreading TB requires spending long periods of time in a closed space, such as a house with all the windows shut. TB is common in many parts of the world, and about one-third of the world's population is infected with TB bacteria. TB is not common in the United States, Washington State, or Pierce County.
People at most risk for TB exposure are:
- People who were born in or travel to areas of the world where TB is common. TB is widespread in Central and South America, Eastern Europe, Africa and Asia.
- People who live or work in crowded areas such as shelters, nursing homes, treatment centers or jails. This happens because someone who is sick can spread TB to others in closed spaces.
- People who work in healthcare.
- People who live with someone with active TB.
Who is at risk for active TB?
- People with HIV/AIDS.
- People recently exposed to someone with TB.
- Children less than 4 years of age.
- People with diabetes, lung disease, kidney disease, cancer, organ transplants, or other conditions that weaken the immune system.
- People who are underweight or take medications that lower immune system function.
- People who smoke tobacco.
How do I get tested for TB?
The two types of tests for TB infection are:
- a skin test (TST).
- a blood test.
For a skin test, medical staff inject a very small amount of test liquid (not TB bacteria) into a person's arm. Medical staff then read the test 2-3 days later by looking for a reaction.
For a TB blood test, you will have blood drawn. It requires only one visit and the results usually are available within one week.
Where can I get a TB test?Talk to your healthcare provider about the test. Many clinics and provider offices can do the testing. Call the provider first to see if you need to schedule an appointment and the cost of the test. If you do not have a regular provider, please go to one of the clinics listed but call first for pricing information.
What if I have been exposed to TB?If you are concerned that you have been exposed to TB, contact your healthcare provider or the health department.
How do I know if I have latent or active TB?Your healthcare provider can test you for TB. If the test is positive, you need a chest x-ray and physical exam to make sure you are not sick with TB. People with a positive test, no TB symptoms and a negative physical exam do not have TB disease. They are infected with TB but are not contagious.
What if I have been infected with TB?If your provider says you are infected with TB, they will talk with you about taking antibiotics to kill the TB bacteria.
What if I have TB disease?Washington State Law requires healthcare providers to report all cases of active TB to the local health department. Health department staff work with all patients who have active TB to make sure they get treatment to cure the disease.
Is there a vaccine for TB?We do not vaccinate against TB in the United States. In countries where TB is common, many children receive BCG vaccine. This vaccine works well to prevent infants and children from dying of TB. However, it wears off over time and doesn't protect children or adults from becoming infected with TB.