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Hepatitis Information for Healthcare Providers

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Screening, prevention and treatment resources for healthcare providers

This page is for healthcare providers and medical professionals. For more general information, see our Hepatitis pages.

What is hepatitis?

Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. Viruses usually cause it, but toxins, parasites or drug and alcohol abuse can also lead to hepatitis. In Washington, hepatitis A, hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses are the most common causes.

There are 2 categories for viral hepatitis infections—acute and chronic.

Acute Hepatitis

  • An infection acquired within the last 12 months.
  • Some people may experience vomiting, abdominal pain or yellowing eyes or skin.
  • Most people will not show any symptoms.
  • Some cases (15-45%) recover on their own. Others become chronic infections that require treatment.

Chronic Hepatitis

  • The virus remains in the body, slowly damaging the liver.
  • Liver damage can lead to scarring (cirrhosis) or liver cancer.
  • Cases will not resolve on their own.
  • Treatments are available, and cure over 90 percent of infections.

We work with healthcare providers to promote patient education, testing and treatment. We also provide information and resources to help healthcare providers improve patient outcomes. Use the buttons below to find out more.

Providers must notify us of certain viral hepatitis cases.

The reporting timeline varies by diagnosis. You should notify us:

  • The same day for cases of acute hepatitis A, B or E.
  • Within 3 days for cases of hepatitis C (acute) or D (acute or chronic).
  • Within 3 days for pregnant women who test positive for hepatitis B surface antigen.
  • Monthly for newly diagnosed cases of chronic hepatitis B or C.

To report hepatitis cases, visit our Report Notifiable Conditions page, or call (253) 798-6534.

Learn how you can prevent transmission

Safe injection practices benefit providers and patients. Find out more by visiting CDC's Injection Safety page, or check out the One and Only Campaign.