Policy Intervention Tools

Policy Intervention Tools PictureAdapted to satisfy Washington State’s Growth Management Act, health-related policy tools are designed for planners to select and modify policy language or implementation regulations and strategies to address their unique community needs. Right-size policy intervention tools to respond to health issues, disparities and other community needs, identified through an inclusive public engagement process.

Comprehensive Plan Approaches
Health-related policies can be introduced via one or both of the following approaches:
  • Create a separate health element in the comprehensive plan, or
  • Integrate policies into various GMA comprehensive plan elements:
    • Land Use
    • Housing
    • Transportation
    • Natural Environment
    • Capital Facilities
    • Economic Development
    • Parks & Recreation

Sample comprehensive plans show the use of different approaches. Consider including the structure of an existing plan, available resources and community preference when determining your approach.

Achieving Built Environment Outcomes with the Use of Logic Models
Research evidence affirms that making changes to built environments can ultimately improve “healthy community outcomes”; thus creating healthy communities comprising healthy and happy people, a prosperous economy and a green planet.

Planners introduce comprehensive plan policies that can yield the chosen set of built environment outcome measures to help advance healthy communities.

With use of logic models, communities can identify areas in need of built environment improvements, and choose appropriate policy tools targeted for specific GMA elements.

Introductory Logic Model
The introductory logic model depicts the causal effect of built environment interventions on quality of life, evidenced by healthy community outcomes. This model leads to six detailed logic models located in each of the following built environment outcomes:

  • Increasing physical activity
  • Increasing access to healthy food
  • Increasing safety and reducing injury
  • Stronger placemaking
  • Increasing access to opportunity, and
  • Improving natural environment.

Six Detailed Logic Models

The detailed models show an array of policy intervention tools to affect six built environment outcome areas via the following GMA elements: